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Understanding the Importance of Mineral balancing

Have you ever sunk into an Epsom salt bath or had the chance to take a dip in a hot spring? The experience would have been amazing right. Relaxed, happy, and renewed! That’s the magic of minerals. Minerals are tiny sparks, forming the connections between endocrine, nervous, immune systems and our microbiome.

Minerals come in the band of “micronutrients” in the diet chart. Even though their requirements are less compared to vitamins and other nutrients, the absence of minerals has a huge impact on the body's health and functions. Minerals cannot be made in the body and hence we are dependent on outside sources and supplements for our daily requirements. Based on the requirements, minerals are further classified into macrominerals and trace minerals.


  • Major role in Bone metabolism

  • Neural and muscular functions (sedative effect)

  • Stabilizes cell membrane potential

  • Related with thyroid/adrenal/parathyroid function

  • It suppresses glucocorticoid secretion from adrenal gland and also thyroid function

  • Maintains osmotic and electrolyte balance in tissues

  • Antagonizes cadmium/lead/potassium/phosphorus/magnesium

  • Required for release of insulin

  • Powerful effect on mental and emotional function

Deficiency: irritability/anxiety/hyperkinetic

Excess tissue calcium: depression/ rigid personality/fatigue


  • Along with potassium required for intercellular function

    • Required for energy production

    • It has sedative effects, required for cardiac function

    • Magnesium inhibits insulin release from the pancreas.

    • It regulates calcium levels in blood

    • Along with Vitamin B6 it prevents formation of stones and arterial plaque

Deficiency causes arrhythmias, cardiac spasms, Hypertension and heart failure


  • Body’s major solvent

    • Also helps maintain water balance, BP, muscle and nerve function

    • When individuals take low salt food they retain sodium level in blood via overactivity of adrenal glands, which results in high sodium levels in blood reports

    • 30% sodium stored in bones where it keeps calcium soluble, its deficiency leads to calcium build up in body tissues


  • 98% is intercellular where it is involved in energy production and many cellular functions

  • Maintains fluid balance/Osmotic balance and acid-base balance

  • Deficiency: numerous metabolic dysfunction


  • Required in enzymatic functions

    • Required for incorporating iron to hemoglobin

    • Cross-linking of collagen tissues

    • Retention of calcium in bone

    • Needed for neurotransmitters

    • Imbalance related to emotional problems

    • It is required for proper function of estrogen


  • Required for electron transport system

    • Involved in energy production


  • Widespread deficiency due to soil depleted of zinc

    • Involved in various enzymatic actions

    • Sense of smell, taste

    • Synthesis and release of insulin

    • Wound healing

    • Regulates the levels of sex hormones like estrogen


  • Required for cholesterol synthesis

    • For energy production

    • Neuromuscular function

    • Protein metabolism

    • Transport of insulin

    • Imbalance is related to epilepsy and schizophrenia


  • Needed along with insulin for glucose uptake. It attaches insulin to cells

    • It reduces arterial plaque by raising HDL

Importance of mineral balance

All these minerals co-exist with each other and maintain the mineral homeostasis of the body, whether they are deficient or not can not be measured from their absolute values, rather by their relative values. For example, when there is a deficiency of sodium and potassium, calcium starts accumulating in soft tissues leading to sclerosis/stone/arthritis. In this situation, tissue calcium is in abundance and not bioavailable, these individuals have low calcium level in blood and develop symptoms of low calcium levels like cramps/irritation. To treat such a situation we need to increase the levels of sodium and potassium so that the balance is restored and calcium once again becomes bioavailable.

What causes mineral imbalance?

  1. Diet low in minerals

  2. Gut dysbiosis

  3. Stress: Stress can lower the levels of minerals, specially zinc and magnesium

  4. Excess heavy metal load: They can replace mineral in the essential enzymatic activities of the body

  5. Chronic bacterial and viral infections: causes leaching out of the minerals

  6. Toxic food additives: like, Margarine and and vegetable butter hydrogenated with heavy metals

  7. Drinking water: Contaminated with heavy metals

  8. Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and proper sleep

How do you understand your mineral levels?

  1. Blood tests

  2. Urine Analysis

  3. Hair Mineral Analysis


  1. Taylor A. Usefulness of measurements of trace elements in hair. Ann Clin Biochem 1986;23:364- 378.

  2. Pfeiffer, C., 1975. Mental and elemental nutrients. New Canaan, Conn.: Keats Pub.


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